What Is Osteoporosis? What Are The Consequences Of Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a condition which arises due to decrease of mineral density in bones. Osteoporosis leads to the formation of porous bones which are likely to fracture. The result is that the skeleton weakens and bones fracture with even slightest injuries. Chronic disease management of osteoporosis is inevitable for the patients to lead a normal life.

Consequences of osteoporosis:

1. Quality of life is decreased drastically with the high pains of bone fractures.

2. Old aged patients suffer from blood clot and pneumonia with the on set of osteoporosis.

3. Almost 20% of cases of hip fracture due to osteoporosis have resulted in death.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS SHOWN BY OSTEOPOROSIS PATIENTS AND DIAGNOSIS OF OSTEOPOROSIS:

Osteoporosis doesn’t show any symptoms till a bone fracture occurs. Bone fractures with uncontrollable pains are the main symptoms of osteoporosis. Repeated spinal fractures cause lower back pain and loss of height. hip fractures are followed by sudden fall. Fractures of long bones due to osteoporosis affect movement temporarily.

Persons showing these symptoms can confirm whether they are suffering from osteoporosis or not with the help of following diagnosis tests:

1. A routine X-ray scan can reveal osteoporosis even though the bone density cannot be determined.

2. Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) scan is helpful in determining the bone mineral density.

 

Stage at which osteoporosis is determined is an important factor in chronic disease management of osteoporosis.

METHODS OF TREATMENT AND PREVENTION OF OSTEOPOROSIS:

Prevention of bone loss is something which is necessary for maintaining an active life. Therefore treatment and prevention of osteoporosis should be given prior concern.

Following treatment and preventive measures are followed in chronic disease management of osteoporosis:

1. Change in habits like quitting smoking, control in alcohol consumption, including adequate amount of calcium, milk, vitamins and minerals in diet etc.

2. Use of medicines like: alendronate, risedronate, raloxifene, ibandronate, calciton, zpledronate etc. helps in the treatment of osteoporosis. Teriparatide helps in bone formation.

3. Following regular exercises has numerous benefits. With the increased muscle strength due to proper exercises body balance increases and hence the risk of falling and injuries are also reduced.