Asthma Disease Management

Asthma is one of the most wide spreading chronic diseases. The disease is characterized by an inflammation in the lungs which reversibly narrows the air passages in breathing system commonly called as bronchi. Asthma affects almost 300 million people of world population, therefore chronic disease management of asthma is something which has to be given considerable importance. During asthma attacks, the smooth muscle cells in the bronchi congest and the air passages become swollen, making breathing very difficult. Many medicines such as inhalers are used to treat acute asthmatic attacks. Attacks can also be prevented by avoiding the factors causing it such as allergens or sudden temperature changes and also through apt drug treatment.asthma

The symptoms of asthma are many a few among them are:  frequent cough, shortness of breath during workouts, trouble in exhaling, frequent wheezing, tightening of chest, spitting phlegm, awakening due to shortening of breath etc. If you suffer from these symptoms, it is always advisable to consult a doctor who may help in determining whether you have asthma by various tests like: pulmonary function testing or various allergy tests. Analysis of these symptoms and proper medications play a main role in chronic disease management of asthma. Medication of asthma is mainly classified into two types: maintenance and rescue. Maintenance medicines should be used on a regular schedule to control lung inflammation inhaled steroids, non steroidal medicines and leukotreine modifiers serve the purpose. Rescue medicines are taken on worsening situations the most commonly used among them being Albuterol and Xopenex.   

 The cause for asthma can be genetic as well as environmental. Environmental tobacco smoking and maternal smoking is associated with the high risk of asthma and other respiratory infections. Although asthma cannot be cured people suffering from asthma can control its attack. Chronic disease management of asthma mainly includes methods for controlling these asthmatic attacks such as: prevention of active as well as passive smoking, stay away from environmental pollution, avoid any other triggering factors such as sudden change in temperature etc. Asthma control can assure you a better quality of living such as: minimum limitations on your daily activities, better understanding and therefore avoiding of asthma triggers, control of impact of asthmatic attacks.